Simple Micro Ampere Meter Circuit

This simple micro ampere meter circuit can help in measuring small currents in five ranges: from 1 µA to 10 mA. The meter is working in this way: the current being measured Ix shifts the input voltage resulting to an output voltage with an inverted polarity.

The output voltage of the opamp CA3130 is proportional to the measured current Ix.
By selecting the proper feedback resistors through S1, the output voltage by full meter deflection is 1 volt in all measuring ranges.

The value of the series resistor R must be selected for the particular meter being used. For example if a 1 mA meter is used, the total resistance (the sum of the resistor R and the coil resistance Ri of the meter) must be 1kΩ. If a 100 µA meter is used, the total resistance must be 100 kΩ. If needed, a potentiometer can be used for the R.

Micro ampere measurement circuit schematic

Micro ampere meter circuit schematic

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