For a long time I needed a good programmer pussy, even if it is programming, so from time to time the application gets where it is used. So I decided to build the programmer. I chose between a couple of projects from different authors, but eventually won PICkit2. Microchip released the schema directly in the user manual for the programmer. On the Internet there are multiple versions of the programmer, it’s usually cropped version of the log analyzer features, UART terminal, etc., 12V inverter is a modified version of it and control the MOSFETs, unlike bipolar transistors used in the original design. And it also showed that becomes due to the switching inductance feta leave. Finally, I chose to use the original scheme, although it is quite complicated and the parts used in our country can not normally buy, but my problems with finding parts easily solved. I bought a transistor, the 16F2550 PIC and a few other things, resistors and fry the rest I bought from “us”. The price is pretty high, unfortunately, moving it around and 600CZK, the main prize and two processor makes the EEPROM. Below we describe the involvement and put into operation.


The main element is a modern powerful PIC18F2550 processor, controls all activities of the programmer to communicate with the PC, write to the EEPROM, write to the programmed processor, etc. The big advantage is that the CPU is right in itself contains a USB interface, so you can connect directly PC. He needs an integrated system HID driver, so no need to install another driver as the AVR programmer. The processor has a hinge PLL set to 96MHz which obtained by multiplying the 20 MHz crystal, USB own runs on 48MHz. Which is to support full speed communication. Furthermore, the involvement of two 24C512 EEPROM, the processor uses the system PICkit2 TO GO is a mode where the programmer to “send” custom firmware, which we later be programmed into one or more processors. The advantage is that we do not need a PC for programming, just napájíme programmer and program the button connected to the processor, all data on the programmer draws from these two EEPROM. To communicate with us using only the control software as well as three LEDs

GREEN (USB connect) – indicates a connection to the mains

YELLOW (Target) – indicates the power supply voltage for the programmed processor

RED (BUSY) – indicates activity Programmer

Another part of the drive voltage, this whole section is managed by the port RC2, then using the PWM controls the voltage in the range of 2.5 to 5V, set in the control software on your PC. PWM voltage fed to the integration of Article R28, C14 and OP1 is driven through the main MOSFET of which is sampled voltages for programmed processor (+ V_TGT). This tension is also excited by the drive to obtain 12V. It is controlled by the transistor T3 and the need for the processor generates a voltage based on the rectangular pulses at a frequency of about 30kHz. Due to the switching inductance occurs inducing tension that is added to 5V, the resulting voltage is rectified by diode D1 Shottkyho to ensure that the output size will be needed this tension is introduced feedback resistor divider R4, R11. Pokad this voltage is low, the software gives us the know buzz. Capacitor C5 filters the voltage that this was not rolling. The voltage is switched 12V PNP transistor T2 is controlled by the transistor T6. These transistors turn on voltage programování.Tranzistor T8 used to reset the processor when the application programmer as a debugger. Despite R1 is monitored supply voltage for programming the processor and also measured the function velikost.Bohužel T1, T4, T5, T7’m not entirely clear. Custom programming and ISPD ISPC leads are brought directly from the processor.

ISPD – the programmed data processor

ISPC – clock for programmed processor

T1 button serves to activate the bootloader, press the programming, and programming mode PICkit2 TO GO

The PCB I made in the program SPRINT LAYOUT, is made in SMD.

Mechanical design: the programmer is placed in a plastic box KP35, in front of the hole is bleeding for the USB connector and the second hole for the head of the programming connector.

Starting and software installation

1) After downloading the file PICKIT2.zip you’ll see a set of “Bootloader”, this file must load into the processor with another programmer. Thus we recorded the CPU “loader” which you already own frmware then downloaded to a PC via a USB port. For we have not finished programming the MCU.

2) Download the software PICkit2 (Version 2.50 or 2.60) installed it. Pokad we lack the necessary version of NET Framework is included instalačce and automatically prompts us to install.

There are reports that the software programmer can not be found, but how could we not joined it yet, but come on, the programmer is connected to the green LED programmer and we shall call “bubble” as PICkit2 HID devices. After installing the drivers, we are ready to upload custom firmware programmer. This is done as follows:

3) In the Tools tab, click on “Communication Check” program, so we got to know that we have connected the programmer

Subsequently, we have a program to find a programmer

4) then we are also “unlock” option to download the firmware on the programmer

5) click on this option we will offer a program that we have chosen the location of the firmware (which you have saved), select the file “PK2V023200”

6) will now begin downloading the firmware on the programmer

7) pokad firmware installation was successful, this appears

8) The programmer is logged and displayed in the program (ID, do not mind, it is set later, the first programmer is not connected)

Thus we successfully completed the installation of software and firmware programmer is ready for use in the next section we show how to calibrate the voltage set ID and show you a simple description of the PC interface.

Set ID and calibration

The programmer allows you to calibrate the voltage programmed for the processor, this voltage can be varied in the range of 2.5V to 5V. We will subsequently, in the “Tools” click on “Calibrate Vdd & Set Unit ID .. ” and accelerates our guide

Clicked When we see the following window, voltmeter measure the voltage on the output and write to the relevant software, make the necessary correction.

The following is only a setting of that ID, which is basically an identifier Programmer

After you click “Finished” is set ID and calibration over

Another option to check if everything works fine in the “Tools” menu click on “Troubledhoot” and once again will open the wizard.

You can adjust the voltage from 2.5 to 5V and click on “test” this voltage is measured and shown

The next step is to check voltage Vpp should be around 12V

Finally, a test port for programming, can be either in or LOG0 log1 or tested 30kHz signal which generates the MCU

I just wanted to point out that the distribution of pins on this version of the programmer is not the same as the original !!!!!!!!!!

So now enough testing to verify the de vopravdová function, it is time to connect to the MCU programmer.

But first a little description of the software:

1) The checkbox “ON “turns on or off the permanent power supply for CPU

2) check mark “/ MCLR” says MCLR output to the third state (high impedance)

3) the “Read”, “WRITE”, “verify”, “erase” is used to guide programming of the MCU, I do not have to explain that

After a successful connection to the MCU programmer and clicking on the “Check communication” we would have reported a programmer and software would have to inform us about the PIC chip has been found message “PIC Device found.”

The only comment is that the programmer is able to detect the CPU type itself not to what family it belongs, so that families have to manually select the submenu “Device Family”, then it is automatically detected by the MCU type. Otherwise we write message “No device detected”. After selecting the families and detecting MCU and click on the “Read” the programmer should read contents of the processor. Pokad was successful reading see the following:

We will describe the additional features programmers like log analyzer, UART terminal, programmable ports, mode PICkit2 TO GO

1) The log analyzer and programmable ports

In this mode PICIKIT can function as a three-channel logic analyzer with a maximum sampling frequency of 1MHz, making it applicable to frekvnce to 500kHz. But watching the SPI or I2C enough.

Logic Analyzer, run the “Tools” We use two schemes

A) Three freely programmable ports

Each of the three ports can be selected as input or output, the choice of input is read, the log level and is displayed in the appropriate box to choose the output is switched according to our preset value in the box.

B) as a 3-channel logic analyzer

2) a UART terminal

3) The regime PICkit2 TO GO

Run from the “Programmer”

Putting the programmer in preparing this scheme we perform Wizard

Now we set where the programmer supplied

The next step is to download the firmware from MCU

After clicking on “Download”

After successfully copying the firmware to the flash EEPROM yellow LEDs

Followed by setting the error messages are indicated by flashing red LED as the programmer does not have a PC with which it reported an error.

And this is a programmer in the “To Go”, we will exit this mode when connected to a PC using “C Communication”

I think it ends with a description of the neediest cases what programmers can do.





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