Here is a mains-operated doorbell that produces parrot-like sweet voice without requiring any musical IC. The circuit is cheap and easy to construct. The AC mains is fed to the circuit without using any step-down transformer.
The complete circuit is shown in Fig. 1. The main components of the circuit are a resistor-capacitor network, transistor BC337 and audio output transformer X1. The oscillation frequency depends on the combination of resistors R4 and R5 and capacitors C3, C4 and C5. When switch S1 is closed, the audio signal generated due to oscillations is amplified by transistor BC337 and parrot-like sound is reproduced from loudspeaker LS1 connected across the secondary of transformer X1. Here we have used an 8-ohm, 0.5W loudspeaker. The audio output transformer (X1) is normally used in transistor radio. The function of the audio output transformer is to transform the high impedance of the output amplifier to match the much lower impedance of the speaker. This is necessary to get an efficient transfer of the audio signal to the speaker. If a wrong audio transformer is used, the result can be low output and loss of tone quality.
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