Multi-Melody Generator With Instrumental Effect


This melody generator
can generate various English and Hindi tunes as also instrumental
effects. Various modes of melodies can be selected through DIP
switches. Other advantages are high volume and volume control. IC
UM3481A is a 16-pin multi-instrument melody generator. It is a mask-ROM-programmed
IC designed to play the melody according to the programmed data. Its
inbuilt preamplifier provides a simple interface to the driver circuit.
The IC can be replaced with other UM348XXX series, WR630173 or WE4822
melody generator ICs.

Circuit diagram:

Multi Melody Generator Circuit With Instrumental Effect

Multi-Melody Generator Circuit Diagram With Instrumental Effect

A WR630173 preprogrammed as Hindi melody generator can be used here.
There are 16 tunes stored in WR630173 including mera joota hai japani,
mera naam chin chin chu, hare rama hare krishna, raghu pati raghav raja
ram and ramaiya vasta vaiya. The circuit is powered by a 3V battery.
Switch S2 is the main input-select switch for producing different tones
in the loudspeaker. Various modes of operation are selected through DIP
switches S3, S4 and S5 connected to pins 3, 5 and 7 of IC1,
respectively. Pin 7 is the envelope circuit terminal through which
instrumental effects are produced.

The preamplifier outputs are available at pins 10 and 11, which are
fed to loudspeaker-driver transistors T1 (SK100) and T2 (SL100),
respectively. When you switch on the circuit by closing switch S1, LED1
glows. If DIP switches S3 and S5 are closed
and S4 open, pressing input switch S2 will generate a melody tone from
the loudspeaker. Vary VR1 to adjust its volume. Pressing S2 again will
generate a new melody tone. If switches S3 and S4 are opened while S5 is
closed, the same tone keeps repeating for every pressing of S2.

The positions of DIP switches and the
various modes of melodies are summarised in the table. When switch S5 is
open, it will generate an instrumental effect from the loudspeaker.
This effect is produced by the enveloping circuit consisting of
capacitor C1 and resistor R2 connected to pin 7 of IC1. In fact, by hit
and trial you can choose the values of these components as per your
taste by listening to the output sound. Only C1 or R2 or its parallel
combination can be used to generate a distinct instrument effect. To
select any of these options, two jumper terminals J1 and J2 are provided
in the circuit at C1 and R2, respectively.

For example, if you want to use only C1, you can join J1 terminals
using hookup wire or jumper cap and keep J2 open. The repetition of the
musical effect depends on the status of switches S3 and S4. The
oscillation frequency is produced by the resistor and capacitor
connected at pins 14 and 13 of IC1. This frequency is used as a time
base for the tone, rhythm and tempo generators. The quality of the
melody tones depends on this frequency. Resistor R6 (100-kilo-ohm)
connected to pin 15 makes the circuit insensitive to variations in the
power supply.

Author: EFY Lab – Copyright: Electronics For You


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