Here is the schematic, PC board pattern, and parts placement for a
low powered FM transmitter. The range of the transmitter when running at
9V is about 300 feet. Running it from 12V increases the range to about
400 feet. This transmitter should not be used as a room or telephone
PC Board Layout and Parts Placement
|C1||1||0.001uf Disc Capacitor|
|C2||1||5.6pf Disc Capacitor|
|C3,C4||2||10uf Electrolytic Capacitor|
|C5||1||3-18pf Adjustable Cap|
|R1||1||270 Ohm 1/8W Resistor||270 Ohm 1/4W Resistor|
|R2,R5,R6||3||4.7k 1/8W Resistor||4.7K 1/4W Resistor|
|R3||1||10k 1/8W Resistor||10K 1/4W Resistor|
|R4||1||100k 1/8W Resistor||100K 1/4W Resistor|
|Q1, Q2||2||2N2222A NPN Transistor||2N3904, NTE123A|
|L1, L2||2||5 Turn Air Core Coil|
|MISC||1||9V Battery Snap, PC Board, Wire For Antenna|
- L1 and L2 are 5 turns of 28 AWG enamel coated magnet wire
wound with a inside diameter of about 4mm. The inside of a ballpoint pen
works well (the plastic tube that holds the ink). Remove the form after
winding then install the coil on the circuit board, being careful not
to bend it.
- C5 is used for tuning. This transmitter operates on the normal broadcast frequencies (88-108MHz).
- Q1 and Q2 can also be 2N3904 or something similar.
- You can use 1/4 W resistors mounted vertically instead of 1/8 W resistors.
- You may want to bypass the battery with a .01uf capacitor.
- An antenna may not be required for operation.
- A thanks goes out to Mike_Springer@iname.com for cleaning up the original image once displayed on the page. It looks a lot better now!