Parts List: R1 = 1KC1 = 0.01uF (10nF)R2 = 10K C2 = 0.1uF (100nF) R3 = 560 OhmC3,C4 = 0.001uF (1nF)Q1,Q2 = 2N3563Led1 = Red LedD1,D2 = 1N4148S1 = Momentary Push-button, SPSTMiscellaneous: crocodile clips (or others), 9V battery clip, wire, solder, etc.
Transistor Q1, a 2N3563, and its associated components form an oscillator circuit that will oscillate if, and only if, a good crystal is connected to the test clips.The output from the oscillator is then rectified by the two 1N4148 signal diodes (1N914 are fine too) and filtered by C1, a 0.01uF ceramic capacitor.
The positive voltage developed across the capacitor is applied to the base of Q2, another 2N3563, causing it to conduct. When that happens, current flows through Led1, causing it to glow.Since only a good crystal will oscillate, a glowing LED indicates that the crystal is indeed OK.
None of the components are very critical (with exception of Q1/Q2).Use whatever you have in your junk-box.
The NTE108 is a direct replacement for the 2N3563.
The circuit is powered by a standard 9-volt battery and the SPST push button power-switch is included to prolong battery life.
The circuit should oscillate fine with a good xtal with a frequency between 2 and 8MHz.It is possible, depending on your choice of components (or age) that the led will glow dimly without a crystal present.That’s okay considering the simplicity of the circuit. Ignore it.