Clap Switch Diagram


Here’s a clap switch
free from false triggering. To turn on/off any appliance, you just have
to clap twice. The circuit changes its output state only when you clap
twice within the set time period. Here, you’ve to clap within 3 seconds.
The clap sound sensed by condenser microphone is amplified by
transistor T1. The amplified signal provides negative pulse to pin 2 of
IC1 and IC2, triggering both the ICs. IC1, commonly used as a timer, is
wired here as a monostable multivibrator. Trigging of IC1 causes pin 3
to go high and it remains high for a certain time period depending on
the selected values of R7 and C3. This ‘on’ time (T) of IC1 can be
calculated using the following relationship: T=1.1R7.C3 seconds where R7
is in ohms and C3 in microfarads. On first clap, output pin 3 of IC1
goes high and remains in this standby position for the preset time.

Also, LED1 glows for this period. The output of IC1 provides supply
voltage to IC2 at its pins 8 and 4. Now IC2 is ready to receive the
triggering signal. Resistor R10 and capacitor C7 connected to pin 4 of
IC2 prevent false triggering when IC1 provides the supply voltage to IC2
at first clap. On second clap, a negative pulse triggers IC2 and its
output pin 3 goes high for a time period depending on R9 and C5. This
provides a positive pulse at clock pin 14 of decade counter IC 4017
(IC3). Decade counter IC3 is wired here as a bistable. Each pulse
applied at clock pin 14 changes the output state at pin 2 (Q1) of IC3
because Q2 is connected to reset pin 15. The high output at pin 2 drives
transistor T2 and also energizes relay RL1. LED2 indicates activation
of relay RL1 and on/off status of the appliance. A free-wheeling diode
(D1) prevents damage of T2 when relay de-energizes.


Sorry, comments are closed!