Switch and Relay Circuits


Relay Toggle Switch

I designed this relay circuit to function as a DPDT toggle which is controlled by a momentary switch. I strive to keep my circuits simple with little or no integration (555’s, transistors, etc). The circuit is shown active or “on” mode. Half of RL1 and RL2 manipulate the switching and the other is connected to […]


Garage Door Closing Circuit Just using Relays

Because I’m old school, I wanted to build a Garage Door Closing circuit without relying on integrated configurations (555 timer etc) to keep it simplistic. The circuit closes the garage door after two minutes with C3 and four minutes with the addition of C2. The timer relay is surprisingly accurate (+/- five seconds). Another feature […]


Electronic Touch Switch

Mechanical contacts have the disadvantage that they wear out. That is why it is practical to use an electronic ‘touch switch’ in some situations. With such a touch switch the resistance of the human skin is used for the switching action. The schematic shows the design of a circuit that senses the resistance of the […]


Ultra-Sensitive Solid State Clap Switch

Here is the circuit of a highly sensitive clap switch that can be operated from a distance of up to 10 metres from the microphone. Signals picked up by the microphone are amplified by transistors T1, T2, and T3. Diode D1 detects clap signals and the resulting positive voltage is applied to the base of […]


Clap Switch Diagram

Here’s a clap switch free from false triggering. To turn on/off any appliance, you just have to clap twice. The circuit changes its output state only when you clap twice within the set time period. Here, you’ve to clap within 3 seconds. The clap sound sensed by condenser microphone is amplified by transistor T1. The […]


Momentary Switch Teamed With Latching Relay

This circuit allows an SPST momentary pushbutton to act as a push-on push-off switch, using a DPDT latching (bi-stable) relay. It was originally intended to allow a single pushbutton switch on the dash of a vintage car to provide a latched function. The relay only draws current when it is being switched. At other times, […]


Handy Time Delay With Relay Output

This circuit is designed to provide delayed relay switching action at power on. The delay is a function of the time constant produced by the combination of R1 and C1. At power on, C1 charges slowly via R1 and the coil of the relay. When the voltage across C1 exceeds both the base-emitter voltage of […]


Pushbutton Relay Selector

This circuit was designed for use in a hifi showroom, where a choice of speakers could be connected to a stereo amplifier for comparative purposes. It could be used for other similar applications where just one of an array of devices needs to be selected at any one time. A bank of mechanically interlocked DPDT […]


Relay Coil Energy Saver

Some relays will become warm if they remain energized for some time. The circuit shown here will actuate the relay as before but then reduce the ‘hold’ current through the relay coil current by about 50%, thus considerably reducing the amount of heat dissipation and wasted power. The circuit is only suitable for relays that […]


Simple Relay Step-Up Circuits

Have you ever needed to power a 12-volt relay in a circuit but only had 6 or 9 volts available? This simple circuit will solve that problem. It allows 12-volt relays to be operated from 6 or 9 volts, or 24-volt relays from 12 volts. While most normal relays require the manufacturer-specified coil voltage to […]