If you want a power supply that covers most applications. This circuit may be what you’re looking for. The price you deny difficult. With the following features.
1. On signal mode can supply DC voltage between 0 volt and 60 volt
2. Can provide DC dual variable on positive, negative and ground are +/- 0-30 volts.
3. Can supply current out maximum about 1.5 A.
4. Use the most popular IC are LM317T and LM337T, so do not have to worry about finding the device, and it certainly easy.
Before construction, we study the properties of important devices, is regulator IC.
Choosing a regulator IC.
The regulator IC is used to regulates DC voltage, which in this circuit we use an IC numeber of LM317T for the positive voltage and the LM337 for the negative voltage. Both IC have the same features. Thus, So describes specific number LM317T only.
The LM317T is readymade regulator IC can use to adjust voltage from 1.25 volt to 37 volt, there is 3 leg, body same the regulated IC number 7805.
But it batter that can provides to 1.5 A and get input voltage from 3 volt to 40 volt It’s easy to applications and, of these features have advantages over the regular letters IC 78xx series a lot.
In addition, Internal the IC is also circuit is fully protected are the short-circuit protection, input overthe voltage protection, over load protection. And another interesting feature is the elimination the ripple.
The output voltage (Vo) Determined from the formula.
The R1 is the resistance constant. Which should be between 120-240 Ohm. The R2 can be adjusted from a minimum value (0 ohm) to the value we want. If R2 is equal to 0 ohm minimum output the voltage of about 1.25 volts.
Figure 1 0-60 volt DC variable power supply circuits using LM317&LM337
How to make LM317 start at 0 volts
In electronic circuits require constant voltage. Would not be necessary to make the voltage at output of LM317T down to 0 volt. However, in the experiments will be necessary to adjust the the voltage. The IC LM317T, there is a weakness in this is the output the voltage minimum adj pin is connected to ground is equal to 1.25 volts.
But there are tricks to make LM317T adjustable voltage output is 0 volts. By creating a lower reference voltage to 0 volt to 1.25V (-1.25 volt). Then to the adj Will be able to adjust the output the voltage to 0 volt.
The negative voltage regulated IC number LM337T as same is if adj pin connect to ground will get lowest output voltage into -1.25 volt. Which if adjust as 0 volt reference voltage of +1.25 volts, it must be connected to the adj pin of the IC only.
How this circuit works
In figure 1 is this complete circuit. The Diodes D1-D4 are regtifier ACV from 24 volts of transformer is DCV of about 33 volts both positive and negative voltage. The capacitor C1 and C4 is voltage filter from the bridge diode to smooth. The R1,D5 and D6 are made the reference voltage of +1.25 volts to the LM337T to adjust to 0 volt.
The R3,D10 and D11 make voltage -1.25 volts to LM317T to it can adjust to 0 volt as well.
The D7,D8 and D12,D13 protects voltage backward voltage from output. Which may makes IC Which may cause damage to the IC. The C2 and C5 are connected to reduce noise signal that from adjustable the potentiometer (VR1,VR2) and makes voltage at output to smooth up.
Judicially built and tested before applications.
This project has a few amount of equipment. We can assemble onto the versatile PCB. Check the circuit for error. When you are sure all the wires and components are installed correctly.
After examining successfully assemble the devices. Then, try to applies AC power. If not was wrong. Hold the DC voltmeter measure on the positive output. And then Rotate VR1 you can read the voltage from 0-30 volt. If everything is correct ,then move the lead of meter to measure the negative. And then adjust the VR2 can read voltage from 0-30 volts. Everything is ready to applications, However if the malfunction, disconnect the transformer. Then find unusual.
How to build this projects
This project is not used many components so can assemble on the universal PCB board. But can make a Single-sided PCB layout as Figure 2. And see the wiring and various components layout can view of the example in Figure 3. But be carefull the polarity of the electrolytic capacitors and Diodes and both IC1-LM317,IC2-LM337 correctly and hold proper the heatsink.
Figure 2 The Single-sided PCB layout
Figure 3 The components layout of this projects
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